Humanity Or Human nature refers to the distinguishing characteristics, including ways of thinking, feeling and
acting, that humans tend to have naturally, i.e. independently of the influence of culture. The questions of what these
characteristics are, what causes them, and how fixed human nature is, are amongst the oldest and most
important questions in western philosophy. These questions have particularly important implications in ethics,
politics, and theology. This is partly because human nature can be regarded as both a source of norms of conduct or
ways of life, as well as presenting obstacles or constraints on living a good life. The complex implications of such
questions are also dealt with in art and literature, while the multiple branches of the Humanities together form an
important domain of inquiry into human nature, and the question of what it means to be human.
The branches of contemporary science associated with the study of human nature include anthropology, sociology,
sociobiology, and psychology, particularly evolutionary psychology, and developmental psychology. The "nature
versus nurture" debate is a broadly inclusive and well-known instance of a discussion about human nature in the
natural sciences.
The existence of this invariable human nature is, however, a subject of much historical debate, continuing into modern
times. Against this idea of a fixed human nature, the relative malleability of man has been argued especially strongly
in recent centuries—firstly by early modernists such as Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the latter of whom
“We do not know what our nature permits us to be. – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile”
Since the mid-19th century, thinkers such as Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Sartre, structuralists and postmodernists have
also sometimes argued against a fixed or innate human nature. Still more recent scientific perspectives such as
behaviorism, determinism, and the chemical model within modern psychiatry and psychology, claim to be neutral
regarding human nature. (As in all modern science they seek to explain without recourse to metaphysical causation.)
They can be offered to explain its origins and underlying mechanisms, or to demonstrate capacities for change and
diversity which would arguably violate the concept of a fixed human nature.
Each contact with a human being is so rare, so precious, One should preserve it.

You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is like an ocean; if a few drops of the
ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty. ― Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Life is to be lived, not controlled; and humanity is won by continuing to play in face of certain
defeat. ― Ralph Ellison
If we have no peace, it is because we have forgotten that we belong to each other. ― Mother Teresa
A feminist is anyone who recognizes the equality and full humanity of women and
men. ― Gloria Steinem
I love Humanity but I hate humans ― Albert Einstein
I know there’s evil in the world, and there always has been. But you don’t need to
believe in Satan or demons to explain it. Human beings are perfectly capable of evil
all by themselves. ― Tess Gerritsen
I have no country to fight for; my country is the earth; I am a citizen of the world.
― Eugene Victor Debs
Humanity does not ask us to be happy. It merely asks us to be brilliant on its behalf.
― Orson Scott Card
The next evolutionary step for humankind is to move from human to kind. ― Anon.
Nobody knows the age of the human race, but everybody agrees that it is old enough
to know better. ― Anon.
Religion without humanity is a poor human stuff. — Sojourner Truth
There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to them except in
the form of bread. ― Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

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